information about Turkey
Republic of Turkey attracts millions of tourists each year due to its natural
beauty, landscapes, beaches, historical values, nightlife, and food culture.
The cities of Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, and Antalya are the most important in
Turkey with the most visits.
most of Turkey’s territory lies on the Asian continent, and a small part of it
is on the European continent. From northwest with Bulgaria, west with Greece,
east with Armenia, Iran, northeast with Georgia and southeast with Iraq and
Syria has a border. The Mediterranean is to the south, the Aegean to the west
and the Black Sea to the north.
divided into seven geographical regions. These seven geographic regions include
Marmara, Aegean, Black Sea, Central Anatolia, Mediterranean, Western Anatolia,
and Southeast Anatolia. According to the latest census in 2017, Turkey’s
population is 80 million.
Due to the
geographical location of Turkey, there are different types of weather
conditions in Turkey. Milder weather, in the coastal areas affected by the sea
and continental weather conditions, is observed in the upper part of the
country due to the mountains. Continental climates, including dry and hot
summers, hot and rainy winters, and low annual rainfall, are found in central
Anatolia. Western Anatolia, southeastern Anatolia, and the interior of the
Aegean region have Mediterranean climates. The Black Sea climate is rainy, with
natural vegetation throughout the seasons. Most of the rainfall is seen in the
fall. These conditions are seen on the Black Sea and North Marmara coasts.
govern the country, Turkey is divided into provinces and provinces. The
governorates are administered by governors, and departments are governed by and
governors. Turkey public holidays include January 1st, New Year holidays, April
23rd Sovereignty Day and Children’s Day, May 1st Labor Day, May 19th Ataturk
Celebration and Youth and Sports Day, August 30th Victory Day, October 29th
Republic Day, Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.
language: Turkish Turkish
regime: It is democracy.
Country Number: 0090
Islam has the highest number of followers in Turkey, with 99.8. Another 0.2
percent are mostly Christians and Jews.
subways, trains, delmos and freeways, and inter-provincial transfers by bus,
train, plane, and ferry. The bus plays a central role in provincial
transportation because of its affordable prices and extensive service network.
You can obtain a bus ticket from the bus company or bus terminal. Rail is
preferred over other modes of transport for convenience and reasonable prices.
office hours are usually valid in Turkey. Banks and offices are open from 9:00
to 17:30. Lunchtime in government offices is 12:00 to 13:00, and banks are
12:30 to 13:30 weekend Banks and government offices.
and Sunday) closed
currency of the Republic of Turkey is the Turkish lira
of significant numbers that may be used during the stay of foreigners in Turkey.
numbers can also be spoken in English.
Police Line 156 (in areas outside the provincial boundary and places not within
the scope of the police district)
Service Number 112
Police; Municipal Information and Services, Disability Services, Home Care
Services, Social and Family Injury Services, etc. 153
Abuse of Children and Domestic Violence; Family, Women, Children and the
Those in need of well-being and professional support 144
Emergency Line; Drug Abuse and Cigarette Smoking 171
know the Turkish people and their culture
Turkish culture and traditions are impossible in one article because the
diversity of heritage in this country is very different and has always changed
over time. However, there are many customs in Turkey, rooted in the past or
with culture Others, such as Greek, Armenian, Georgian, and Arabic, have been
mixed throughout history and are still performed in different parts of Turkey.
But the increasing urbanization and solidarity of different cultural structures
have given rise to new traditions. Here you get to know the habits and
traditions you can see in everyday life and the attraction for outsiders.
to celebrate or sympathize with others. The Turks are gentle and kind people
and have great respect for foreigners and are very hospitable.
phrases like “Gecmiş Olsun,” which is a prayer for health or when you
enter a store or place, you hear the phrase “Hoş Geldiniz,” which
you find gestures in restaurants and public places that look interesting, and
most of these gestures and expressions in Turkish society have specific
meanings, such as:
a hand on the heart, which is a gesture of congratulation and is used to give
thanks at the same time.
two hands while looking at the sky is one of the gestures, especially seen in
Muslim countries. The meaning of this move is that they pray and wish for the
other side and that it is believed that God will not reject the hands. Then the
hands will be placed on the face.
thumb, which is one of the global movements that is also seen in Turkish
society and has meanings like “good, successful, very good,” and so
restaurant, don’t be surprised if you see people pointing their fingers and
thumbs at each other and pretending to write something in the air. It is a
common gesture to ask the waiter for a bill.
with the same fingers, they show the shape of a glass, which means they want a
– If you
see someone kissing your toes, it means that they are happy about something.
Anyone who enjoys food or the environment or has heard the good news may be
kissing their fingertips. Show yourself. This gesture is often seen in Italian
society as well.
hospitable and often invite new friends to dinner. They usually do not enter
the house with shoes and prepare slippers for guests. They do not expect gifts
from the guests at the parties, but you can bring sweets, chocolates, or drinks
if you are planning to bring a gift.
to popular belief, Turks only drink coffee a few days a week. In fact, this tea
is an integral part of Turkish culture and is a national drink. Women,
families, and friends usually gather in a garden and drink tea while men chat.
Often they go to cafes that are a focal point for being together in most
Turkish cities and villages.
baths have existed in Turkish culture for thousands of years.
the original Turkish baths, which are the result of public baths from the Roman
era modified by the Ottomans, are a collection of rooms that combine heat and
steam. In these baths, ambient temperature is generated by the floor, walls,
and benches, which is also caused by the flow of warm air inside them. Turkish
baths have a central room, usually in the middle of which there is a large
stone for massage and areas for steam baths, water droplets, and areas for
preparation for treatment. Often, the classic interior of this bathroom is a
marble. Foam massage is an important part of the Turkish bath experience.
Turkish bath is one of the attractions that are very popular among locals and
tourists. Nowadays, in many hotels, luxury bath towels are one of the most
popular hotels in Turkey.
there are specific terms for the Turkish bath.
Delac: A male worker who helps wash men.
Nater: The female workers are a woman who helps wash women.
Thin woven fabric is used for bathing.
people of Turkey
Kemal Ataturk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, now buried in Ankara’s
Prize-winning author and writer Orhan Pamuk
Gokcen, daughter of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and the world’s first female fighter
Emin Karamehmet, a Turkish investor with a net worth of $ 4 billion
successful and proud, Aila group.